To understand British conservatism or Thatcherism you have to know the differences between British conservatism and American conservatism or even Canadian conservatism. Because they are all different and to use as an example. American conservatism even though a lot of so-called Conservatives look more like religious or cultural Conservatives, Neoconservatives even, people who are less individualistic and believe in less personal-freedom and more collectivist or statist on social issues, but American conservatism in it’s classic sense looks more libertarian. Conservative-Libertarian even than British conservatism which isn’t antigovernment unlike what American conservatism tends to sound like today but anti- big-government in the sense that British Conservatives do not believe it’s the job of government to take care of people who otherwise could take care of themselves and perhaps just need an opportunity to be able to do that for themselves. And British Conservatives certainly do not believe it’s the job of government to run industries or companies.
To also understand what’s known as Thatcherism or British conservatism you have to know the situation that Britain was in politically or and economically when Maggie Thatcher and the Conservatives came to power in the late 1970s and that they basically inherited a socialist state ideologically. Where the U.K. Government’s job was to literally take care of people and meet people’s basic needs and even run companies and industries. Like airlines and banks and oil companies to use as examples. So any move that the Conservatives made to the right in 1979 or the 1980s was going to look very conservative especially in a Socialist state like Britain. Maggie Thatcher didn’t set out to destroy socialism or trade-unions or the welfare state, but to modernize it and move it to the right and so people who were able to take care of themselves were now expected to be able to take care of themselves.
By American standards British conservatism by the time Prime Minister Thatcher left power in 1990 almost looks like Eisenhower conservatism that wasn’t so much antigovernment, but was pro-freedom and pro-individualism. That people who can should take care of themselves and for the people who can’t because they are disabled or out-of -work that government can help these people why they transition themselves to go back to work. And only be there to take care of the people who simply are mentally and physically able to take care of themselves. And compared with where Britain was politically before Maggie Thatcher came to power, thats looks very Conservative.